Newspaper Archive of
Gonzales Weekly Citizen
Gonzales, Louisiana
July 7, 1923     Gonzales Weekly Citizen
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July 7, 1923

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'MOTHERf Fletcher's Castoria is a harmless Substitute for Castor Oil, Paregoric, Teething Drops and Soothing Syrups, prepared to relieve Infants in arms and Children all ages Constipation , ,Wind Colic Flatulency Sweeten Stornaclt {Diarrhea Regulate Bowels .At/de in the assimilation of Food, preheating Cheerfulness, ReSt, and 'Natural Sleep will, out Opiates ...8 ' _ To avoid imltat|ons, always look for the signature of ~~b on Physicians _evgr r tr#. it, it i ii | i , i | i , Gonzales Weekly, Gonzales. La, Gentlem an: Please send me the Gonzales Weekly for .............. .................... Year Months Enclosed find ............... Dollars Name ................................ , ........................ Address .................................................... One year $1,50 6 months 75c 3 months 50c Single copy 5c ! Outchtown, 6elsmar 6onzales La, i I ii I ii. i _ ! i I ii I A H ,!.. t.i') home people ~.;~i ~ ONI.. Y Y R CAN YOU AFFORD TO MISS IT? e An Extra Feature Soon to be Added to the Weekly and mblishers of y have made Banner. Her articles "Daddy's Evening Fairy Tale" are aspen, cia|lv, well prepared for the children. However, the grown up folks will find lots of pleasure in keeping up with this special feature. Beginning next week, July 14th. This ap: ear tn the will contiz fu] colu in Seek Not Luxuries, but Ne0esd, ties, Census Bureau Show=, INTERESTIH6 FACTS AODUGED Women's Bureau of the Department of Labor Makes Thorough Study of Family Status of Women Breadwin- ners in One Representative City-- Necculty Rath~ Than Dealrs for Career 8seine to Guide the Woman Worksra, Is Conoluslon Drawn. A ray of light has just been shed on some widely discussed questions about the woman worker. It Is often assert. od that a large proportion of married women now work in stores and offieeL and that many of them do so merely In ordec to buy luxuries. The criti- cism Is made that these women, whose husbands could support them. are tmlding positions needed by men and single girls. The person making a statement of th~ sort always glibly quotes at least one case of a wife who works, so that ,~he can spend her vacation at an ex- l~nslve resort, and who is brought to work by her husband in a palatial mo- torcar. But these outstanding cases ---~hat percentage of married women do they really represent? And. to take another controversy, do the majority of working women spend their money on themselves, or do they have dependents and responsl- btliUes, as it is assumed that the r,-,=. j0rlty of men workerS have1 The minamum wage is supposed to ~vo a woman a living wage for her~ salt alone, No thought is given to the possibility .of the working girls hav- ing dependents. And yet, it is eco- nomically Just, as matters are today, to assume that she has no one but her- setf to take care of, and that there- fore her thin pay envelope equals a man's fat one? These questions are argued lmcit and forth, but facts have always beam hard to locate. There has never butt a national table showing the personal and family liabilities and assets of men workers, and no such table of women workers has been made in the last 20 years, so that the controve~ ales about women workers cannot be settled at present. But Just to show what the tendency Is, the women's bureau of the Depart- ment of Labor has made a study the family status of women bran& winnerS In one representative ellh Passaic, N. J. Census Data Used. The woman's bureau went to tlW caius bureau and obtained perml~ alan to use the punch cards of Passes w~rking women for statistical mu~. This was a departure. Ordinarily the centare records are used only by the cemmm bureau. The bureau collect~ an enormous mass of valuable in- formation, and from all this Informs. ties it sifts out certain statistical fasts and makes up tables that win be of most importance to the country. Funds are limited and time is limited, q[Ite e~ployesa work at high speed to make up tables of manufactures, Impula- ties, crime, occupations, and so on. Then the bulk of ~he material I~ text in the census files. These files contain data on the ace. semis status of families that would'be of great value to all sorts of sdcial welfare organizations, to city boards and local governments. ~But the eel- sun bureau has no funds allotted for publishing the statistics. The wom- en's bureau, liowever, being a section of the Labor department, made an rsngement to have access to the rec- ords of one city, with interesting re- sult& Passaic was chosen because It was large enough for statistics to be il- luminating, and yet It was too large for the bureau to ~dy with the funds available, Nearly 10.000 women work for wages in Passaic. This means that nearly half of the women l~ that city. and probably in many othef citles, are ~age earner~ What is more sisalS- taut of the trend of the times, four~ fifths of the women work out~ddo of the home. If you think back only a few genera- tlons to the time when both father and mother worked about the home, doing the work of the butcher, baker, tailor, carpenter, farmer and cook, you can wb-meh worEe/ in Yass I Kf6 6? have been married. The report rut ther shows that 90 per cent of t~ 4,013 married women workers haw husbands who are employed. What Is more. nearly three-fourths of the women who are or have been married have children to care for, and while in most cases the families are small, the children are young. More than half of the working mothers of Passaic leave children under five years off ge at home every day or carry them along to work, Ths women's bureau calls attention to its discovery that "it was not the widowed mothers nor other warns= with disrupted marital relations wht were winning bread apparently at th( expense of the care of young ehlldrel~ but the married women living with bread-winning husbands." The radia- tion, the report says, makes a strong urge for further Information. Question Not Answered. The bureau report says further: '*It is of manifest importance to know why so large a group of women with home responsibilities should be a~ work when the usual .~amily pro riders are in evidence. Rarely are the wages of fathers sufficient to keep grown unmarrle~ daughters from go Ing into industry as breadwinners, bul that the wife sad mother should gr out to work while the husband an father Is a breadwinner challenge~ attention. Is it because she must. or becau~ she 'wants to'?" realize that women are only a few decades behind men in leaving the home to make a living. A more com- plex civilization soon took the men -ut of the home to run machinery and to sit at office desks. The exact catm~ that are taking the women away from ~itehens and nurseries m ]e~ abel- otis. That they are bel~q~ drawls away, however, in larger and larger numhe~l ~s indicated by the statistics. But after raising this interestln$ question the bureau report calmly concludes that "without information on family income, which is not pos, slble to secure from census ached ules, a definite answer to this ques tion cannot be given." The work done by the wome~ would indicate that necessity rather than a desire for a career guides the woman workers of Passaic. It l~ s manufacturing town and the major. lty of the women are employed at spinning and weaving In the textile mills st tuning machines in hand. kerchief factories or at produetlW work in ot~er manufacturing plants, Women do not ordinarily leave ha. bias under five years for such work unless under financial s~s. How the mothers dispose of thefr children Is not, of course, shown by the census records, but the woman's bureau made a survey of 522 repre- sentative homes containing working mothers with small children to find out how they provide for their babies during working hours. Of these mothers. 107 burn the candle at both ends. working In factories or other places at night in order to be at home in the day to care for their children. In 118 families the chH- tires, all under fourteen years, look out for one another, while 22 moth. ers keep store with babies tagging at their heels. Except for a few famille~ where a daughter, mother, or neighbor help., with the housework, all of the em played mothers cook. clean and wael~ for the families after "worklu~ hours." While the woman's bureau does not draw any general conclusions, th~ married woman who works for lux urles does not seem to be In enee in Passaic. Out of" some 10,00C working women only 1,1{}0 hold eler~ teal positions, and less than 500 are in professlo~l or managerial Imr~ee. So tar as unmarried worki~ worn en are concerned, the woman's bureau found that "15 per cent were either sole breadwinners, or one of two. or one of three or more breadwinners in families having uo male breadwinners living in the family. More than 50 per cent of the single breadwlnne~ in Passaic were boarding or lodging living with employers or with rein. tires, or were domiciled in lm~titU. tlons. In other words, nearly halt of the alngle women breadwl~erJ #p parently had sharply defined Im~poll=l. bllitie$ for' personal or ~ 9oft." VLqrinla Wagner of DeS Mo4nes, In., twent~-one-Year-ol& senior of Drake university, is the woman's lO0.yar~ eollelflate champion of America, LT~d tn addition one of the best all.round girl athletes. Miss Wagner won the title in a national meet negotiating tl,e century dash In the remarkable time of 12 8-10 =eeoad~ She won a place in the high J~p, Thus. it ta shown that omyh~If o@ the 60-yard hlO hurdl~, I .... i i .................. - Long Term Loans on Farm Pro.tmrty GLIRI[II MALARIA, GHILL~ AND P'J[VIR, DRN~UI O~ MILIOUI IrJ[VKW. IT I~i~ITl~OYdl THE ~ERMB. Don't forget the Legion dance tonightl Mr. and Mrs. Bertrand Babip and little cifildren of Baton Rou- ge, spent a few days here as the guest of Mr. and Mrs. O. Bour- qua, Lionel and alton LeBlanc of Baton ouge spent Sunday as guests of their parents Mr. and Mrs. Achille LeBlanc. Miss Mathelda Vega spent a pleasant day Monday in Donald- sonville visiting relatives. J. E. Clark of Los Angeles, Califoria visited Mr. and Mrs A. B. Coroy for the week end. Mr. Clark will remain South un t:l December when he wll] joii his family in California. WANTEDI A live correspondent at every postoflice in the parish. --Gonzales Weekly Allen Gautreau of Baton Rou- ge spent Saturday and Sunday as the guest of his parents Mr. and Mrs. Vincent Gautreav. ; Misses Hazel and L uilla Le- Blanc spent a pleasant -week in Baton Rouge as the guests of relatives. Miss Marie Leaachere of Du- plessi is spending a whi;eas the guest of her ister Mrs. V.A. Gautreau. Caleb Gautreau, "after having spent two weeks in Burtville as guest of friends rettiraed here Saturday eveni g. Mr. Euclide and, Miss O1,-a Orillion of Burtville were visitors to friends here Sunday. For first class job pr;nting send your order to this office and get it to your entire satisfaotlon. Subscribe to the Weekly it Is no~ he official Journal of the Town ot 3onzales. The subscription price b ~till $1.50 a year pa)'able in advance. Gasper Arbisl of New Orleans visited relatives here Sunday. Sully Gautreau left Sunda3 night for Clarence, La., where he will be employed by the L, R. & N. as operator. Mrs. Frank LeBlanc spent a pleasant week in the Crescent City as the guest of her daugh. cr Mrs. Harry Lanoux. Mrs. Maurice Gaudin return. d from the hospital, Sunday, ,fter having spent two weeks ander the care of physicians. Justs Mire left for New Or- leans Sunday. He will spend a while in the city as guests of friends. Mrs. A. P. Marehsnd, Mrs G. S. Amant, Melton Brau, Nelson Marchand motored t, Baton Rouge Thursday, and at. ,ended a Catholic society meet- ing. ll@e @LIIOKLY RJ~LII~VK~ OON. JTIPA TiON, mlLlOUlINJr418 HI~ADAOKI~t~. OOLI~ AND LA. eMIP~K, e.l! Come and enjoy you 'self to. night at the big Legion dance. Bilious Cures Malaria, Chilis and Fever, Dengue cr Fever. Yes, of course, VictOr's Jazz Band of BatonRouge will furnh h music for the Legion Dance to. night. I AN6ELO, AT 6OHZALES The earth moves and does Angel#. Hauling is my specialty. ... ,,,, , ,, , .... PUBLIC SALES We have purchased 12.000 mir U. S. Army Manses last shoes, size to 12 which wan the entire surplus stock of one of the largest U. S. Government shoe contractors. This shoe is guaranteed one hundred percent solid 'leather, color dark tan, bellows tongue, dirt and waterproof. The actual value of this shoe is .00. Ow- ing to this tremendous buy we can offer some to the public at Send correct size. PaY " post- man on delivery or send money rder. If shoes are not as repre ented we will cheerfttl y refund your money promptly upon re. queat. NATIONAL BAY STATE SHOE HHHY 296 Br.dv01y, How ort ii II I I _ / I @ School Children $1,000.00 to $40,000.00 SIDNEY A. MARCHAND Y 10-27